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Madal is a percussion instrument made of clay and leather. This is a tribal instrument that is found in Orissa. Mostly used in tribal community dances.

MADAL in Orissa

Material: Clay, leather

A bifacial barrel shaped drum made of baked clay. Both the faces covered with parchment and tied with dense leather lacing through hoops. Black paste loading on both faces. Suspended from the neck and played by hands. Used in tribal community dances.

MADAL in Sikkim

Material: Clay, leather

The Madal, a variety of the Mridanga, is a hand drum, cylindrical in shape, with a slight bulge in the middle. The main frame is made of wood or clay and the leather on the head is what vibrates and produces sound. Both heads are played with hands, holding the Madal drum horizontally. Though the Madal has evolved from the Mridanga, there are distinct differences between the two instruments. This typical Nepalese percussion instrument is the backbone of most Nepali folk music. The left face of the Madal is called the Nat and the right face the Madina. The popular Taals played on the Madal to accompany the Nepali folk songs include, Samla, Virani, Kheyali, Tappa, Garsha and Chakra. There are two kinds of Madals used – the Purvali and the Paschimi. The Paschimi is smaller in size and has a sharper sound. The Madal is an important accompaniment for all Nepalese folk songs and dances.