Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

INTRODUCTION

Located on the southern bank of the Ganga, Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar. One of the earliest cities in India, Patna was earlier known as Pataliputra.

Patna has the unique distinction of being the capital of early Indian empires for more than a thousand years. The ancient city of Pataliputra has been described in Greek accounts as rivalling the splendors of Persian cities. It excelled in the fields of architecture, sculptural art, literature, painting, trade, religion, and education.

HISTORY

The strategic location of Patna, nestled among the rivers Ganga, Son, Gandak and Punpun ensured the city’s political hegemony and gave it an edge in riverine trade. The city was the capital of the Shishunaga, Nanda, Maurya, Shunga, Kushana and Gupta dynasties, each of which left their imprint on the city. It continued as a center of trade even when it moved away from the political scene. It regained its political importance in the medieval and colonial periods. Patna was also actively involved in India’s struggle for independence.

Click below to read more on the long history of this city.

Explore >>

CITY TALES

Many legends surround the city of Patna. They revolve around the names of the city and its ancient origins. Patna is a treasure trove of stories and travelers to Patna waxed eloquent about the city in their records. Coins, sculptures, potteries, seals, and structures found in the layers of the city all speak of Patna’s fascinating past.
Click below to know more about the city of Patna.

Explore >>

Explore >>

KEY

Click on the pins to navigate through the city

Built Heritage

Streets and Bazaars

Living Traditions

Natural Heritage

People/Personalities/Institutions

 

×KHUDA BAKHSH ORIENTAL PUBLIC LIBRARY

This historical building houses the collections of Khan Bahadur Khuda Bakhsh.

 

×OLD SECRETARIAT

This historic building from the early 20th century is the seat of power in Bihar.

 

×MARTYRS’ MEMORIAL

This bronze memorial commemorates an important contribution Patna made to the Freedom Movement.

 

×DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD

Patna was once associated with Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India.

 

×SADAQAT ASHRAM

This Ashram by the banks of the Ganga was home to an important national figure.

 

×JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN

This freedom fighter and founder of the Janata Party spent some of his final years in Patna.

 

×MAULANA MAZHARUL HAQUE

This freedom fighter and a founding member of the Muslim League also founded and patronised many of Patna’s famous institutions of learning.

 

×PATNA KALAM

Patna nurtured its own distinct school of painting in the eighteenth century.

 

×SULTAN PALACE

This sprawling residence built for a prominent personality of Patna spans 10 acres in area.

 

×PATNA MUSEUM

This museum, with its extensive collections, has a very appropriate local nickname.

 

×GOLGHAR

This distinctive, stupa-like structure actually served a very practical purpose.

 

×PATNA COLLECTORATE

Three distinct powers administered Patna from the Collectorate.

 

×DARBHANGA HOUSE

This riverside palace that was once the residence of the Royal Family, today serves a rather different purpose.

 

×PATNA COLLEGE

This heritage building did not always house an educational institution.

 

×RAJ BHAVAN

This palatial building has some beautiful architectural features.

 

×BULANDI BAGH

The ancient Greek traveller Megasthenes wrote extensively about an architectural feature that was later found during excavations at Bulandi Bagh.

 

×CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA

The founder of one of the first Indian Empires held court at Pataliputra.

 

×ASHOKA

Patna was the capital of the famed Emperor Ashoka.

 

×ARYABHATA

Patna was home to Aryabhata- one of the greatest minds in mathematics and astronomy that the world has ever seen.

 

×KUMRAHAR

This green space in the heart of the city is connected to one of the most celebrated empires in Indian History.

 

×AGAM KUAN

Many legends surround this historical structure.

 

×PATHAR KI MASJID

The name of this mosque is a reference to the material it is constructed from.

 

×RIVER GANGA

Patna is located on the banks of the sacred river Ganga and two of its tributaries.

 

×GANDHI SETU

This bridge over the river Ganga is the third-longest bridge in India.

 

×TIKULI ART

Patna has given patronage to an intricate, centuries-old art tradition that one may not know about.

 

×PADRI KI HAVELI

This ‘House of the Father’ is an important Christian shrine, nicknamed after a Roman priest.

 

×BEGU HAJJAM MOSQUE

This 16th-century mosque has an unexpected name.

 

×MIR ASHRAF’S MOSQUE

Built by an agent of the East India Company, this nineteenth-century mosque has an unusual modern-day nickname.

 

×HARMANDIR TAKHT SRI PATNA SAHIB

This Gurudwara is one of the most venerated pilgrimage centres for members of the Sikh community.

 

×PATAN DEVI TEMPLE

This pilgrimage site has a fascinating legend associated with it.

 

×ASHOK RAJPATH

Named after the Mauryan Emperor, this main road connects Patna’s most significant landmarks to one another.

 

×SHER SHAH SURI MASJID

This medieval mosque is a reminder of Patna’s links to an Afghan dynasty.

Glimpses of Patna