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INTRODUCTION

Situated along the Hooghly, Kolkata is the state capital of West Bengal. Formerly known as Calcutta, the city was founded in the late seventeenth century, with the coming of the British East India Company. The city is dotted with heritage structures that continue to tell tales of its historic past. Kolkata has also been the nucleus of Bengali cuisine, literature, cinema and drama. 

HISTORY

Before the advent of the British, present-day Kolkata was part of three villages - Sutanuti, Kalikata and Gobindapur. Job Charnock, often referred to as the Founder of Calcutta, saw the potential of the three villages. The English East India Company acquired the rights of these villages from a prominent zamindar (landlord), Sabarna Raychoudhari. Soon, the British took control and established their power. 

Take a look at the map, North Kolkata formerly known as the ‘Black Town’ was where the native Bengalis resided in their mansions. Whereas the area around Fort William, known as the 'White Town' was inhabited by the European population of the city. 

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CITY TALES

The city of Kolkata has its own charm, defined by its people, culture and traditions. Many communities that travelled from different regions, brought with them their culinary traditions and rituals, making Kolkata their new home.

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KEY

Click on the pins to navigate through the city

Built Heritage

Streets and Bazaars

Living Traditions

Natural Heritage

People/Personalities/Institutions

 

×VICTORIA MEMORIAL HALL

This iconic structure is synonymous with the city of Kolkata.

 

×RAJ BHAVAN

The Raj Bhavan was built as the residence of Governor Generals of British India. 

 

×MOTHER TERESA

How did an Albanian girl become "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta"?
 

 

×ASIATIC SOCIETY

 This Society holds the distinction of being regarded as the first scholarly organisation dedicated to the study of the Orient. 
 

 

×NATIONAL LIBRARY

This library is believed to be the largest in India and houses an extensive collection of books, manuscripts, periodicals, and rare documents. 

 

×THE TAGORE FAMILY

The Jorasanko Thakurbari is home to the illustrious family of Tagores. 

 

×JAMINI ROY

It is this folk painting tradition that inspired Jamini Roy’s new painting style.

 

×SATYAJIT RAY

The Bishop Lefroy Road is associated with one of India’s iconic filmmakers.

 

×CLUBS OF KOLKATA

Find out about the historical tales of the clubs in Kolkata.

 

×KALIGHAT PAINTINGS

This painting tradition emerged around the Kalighat Temple. 

 

×DURGA PUJA

This festival has become synonymous with Kolkata’s culture.

 

×THEATRE TRADITION IN KOLKATA

The Star Theatre is one of the oldest theatres in Kolkata. 

 

 

×FOOD TRADITION OF KOLKATA

Kolkata's food culture is renowned for its diverse and delectable offerings.
 

 

×KUMORTULI

This lane is associated with the Durga Puja festivities.

 

×COLLEGE STREET

This street in Kolkata is called bai-para or book neighbourhood.

 

×CHITPUR ROAD

This is said to be one of the oldest roads in Kolkata.
 

 

×HOOGHLY RIVER

This river in Kolkata represents an interplay between nature, culture, and history. 

 

×INDIAN MUSEUM

This is the oldest museum in India.

 

×BETHUNE COLLEGE

This institution is believed to be the first women's college not only in India but also in Asia. 

 

×SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

Where in Kolkata was the revered spiritual and social leader, Swami Vivekananda, born? 

 

×FORT WILLIAM

This Fort is named after one of the Kings of England.

 

×MARBLE PALACE

Made entirely of marble, this is one of the few palaces that continue to dominate Kolkata’s landscape.

 

×SHAHID MINAR

Located in the largest ground of the city is this Minar.

 

×SOVABAZAR RAJBARI

This Rajbari was the first to host Durga Puja in Kolkata.
 

 

×PRINSEP GHAT

This Ghat, named after a famous European scholar, is known for its iconic pavilion.

 

×KALIGHAT TEMPLE

This temple is said to have given the city of Kolkata its name.

 

×Park Street Cemetery

This cemetery today stands in the busy area of Kolkata.

 

×CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY

This modern University in India is modelled after the University of London.
 

 

×ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL

This is the first episcopal Cathedral of the Orient.
 

 

×NAKHODA MASJID

Shaped like a boat, this mosque reflects the mercantile history of Kolkata.
 

 

×PRESIDENCY UNIVERSITY

Formerly known as the Hindu College, this University’s history dates back to the 1800s.

 

×BENGAL CHEMICALS AND PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED (BCPL)

This company is the oldest indigenous drug manufacturer in Kolkata.
 

 

×ST. JOHN’S CHURCH COMPLEX

The St. John’s Church complex is known as a treasure trove for historians, artists and music enthusiasts.

 

×BBD BAGH

What is the historical significance of BBD Bagh in Kolkata?

CITY CAPSULE

Glimpses of Kolkata