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The need for study of history & philosophy of science & technology

Author: Saha, Samir Kuma

Keywords: Technology--History
Science -- History

Issue Date: 2012-01

Publisher: National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata

Description: Science today has become an institution. But it can also be taken (i) as a method, (ii) as a cumulative tradition of knowledge (iii) as a major factor contributing to production of goods & services and (iv) as one of the most powerful influences moulding beliefs and attitudes to universe and man. And also, science has a Social function. These points were raised and Studied thoroughly by J. D. Bernal. Recently P. Fara has explained how science belongs to the real world of war, politics and business. She explores the Sociological angle, arguing that being right is not always enough, if an idea has to prevail, people must say it is right.
The study of History of Science helps us to go beyond the definition. ‘Science is experiment, observation and inference'. From a study of mankind's progress - we go beyond. From organisation of laboratories to public perception of science & technology to national politics, all are now studied in the broad discipline of history of science.
Understanding science is crucial to our understanding of nature and civilization as a whole - but there still remain questions unanswered. It is also important to distinguish between the various methods of arriving at truth - logical positivism, deduction, inductive method, falsification or paradigm shift. In many countries, Science teaching is being deeply studied by philosophers of science.
The present world is at a crossroad. To create a knowledge Society, to create innovative minds - it is important to understand the structure of scientific method. This paper explores these in some detail. Also, it is argued, history & philosophy of science have to be studied concurrently.

Description: Includes bibliographical references.

Source: National Council of Science Museums

Type: Article

Received From: National Council of Science Museums


DC Field Value
dc.contributor.author Saha, Samir Kuma
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-15T10:41:10Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-15T10:41:10Z
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.date.issued 2012-01
dc.description.abstract Science today has become an institution. But it can also be taken (i) as a method, (ii) as a cumulative tradition of knowledge (iii) as a major factor contributing to production of goods & services and (iv) as one of the most powerful influences moulding beliefs and attitudes to universe and man. And also, science has a Social function. These points were raised and Studied thoroughly by J. D. Bernal. Recently P. Fara has explained how science belongs to the real world of war, politics and business. She explores the Sociological angle, arguing that being right is not always enough, if an idea has to prevail, people must say it is right.
The study of History of Science helps us to go beyond the definition. ‘Science is experiment, observation and inference'. From a study of mankind's progress - we go beyond. From organisation of laboratories to public perception of science & technology to national politics, all are now studied in the broad discipline of history of science.
Understanding science is crucial to our understanding of nature and civilization as a whole - but there still remain questions unanswered. It is also important to distinguish between the various methods of arriving at truth - logical positivism, deduction, inductive method, falsification or paradigm shift. In many countries, Science teaching is being deeply studied by philosophers of science.
The present world is at a crossroad. To create a knowledge Society, to create innovative minds - it is important to understand the structure of scientific method. This paper explores these in some detail. Also, it is argued, history & philosophy of science have to be studied concurrently.
dc.source National Council of Science Museums
dc.format.extent 18-22p.: col.ill.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata
dc.subject Technology--History
Science -- History
dc.type Article
dc.identifier.issuenumber 1
dc.format.medium text
DC Field Value
dc.contributor.author Saha, Samir Kuma
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-15T10:41:10Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-15T10:41:10Z
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.date.issued 2012-01
dc.description.abstract Science today has become an institution. But it can also be taken (i) as a method, (ii) as a cumulative tradition of knowledge (iii) as a major factor contributing to production of goods & services and (iv) as one of the most powerful influences moulding beliefs and attitudes to universe and man. And also, science has a Social function. These points were raised and Studied thoroughly by J. D. Bernal. Recently P. Fara has explained how science belongs to the real world of war, politics and business. She explores the Sociological angle, arguing that being right is not always enough, if an idea has to prevail, people must say it is right.
The study of History of Science helps us to go beyond the definition. ‘Science is experiment, observation and inference'. From a study of mankind's progress - we go beyond. From organisation of laboratories to public perception of science & technology to national politics, all are now studied in the broad discipline of history of science.
Understanding science is crucial to our understanding of nature and civilization as a whole - but there still remain questions unanswered. It is also important to distinguish between the various methods of arriving at truth - logical positivism, deduction, inductive method, falsification or paradigm shift. In many countries, Science teaching is being deeply studied by philosophers of science.
The present world is at a crossroad. To create a knowledge Society, to create innovative minds - it is important to understand the structure of scientific method. This paper explores these in some detail. Also, it is argued, history & philosophy of science have to be studied concurrently.
dc.source National Council of Science Museums
dc.format.extent 18-22p.: col.ill.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata
dc.subject Technology--History
Science -- History
dc.type Article
dc.identifier.issuenumber 1
dc.format.medium text