23 SEPTEMBER RAMDHARI SINGH DINKAR (1908 to 1974)
Born on 23 September 1908 in the Begusarai district of Bihar, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar was an Indian poet and freedom fighter, renowned as a prominent Hindi poet. He is hailed as the greatest Hindi poet of ‘Veer Rasa’, a genre of poetry characterized by its enduring spirit of bravery. Dinkar emerged as a nationalist poet due to his patriotic compositions written before India gained independence from the British Raj. His first major poetic work, Vijay Sandesh, published in 1928, was based on the Peasant Satyagraha led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Some of his other famous works include Dhoop Chhah, Saamdheni, Baapu, Mitti ki Or, Urvashi, and Krishna Ki Chaetavani. His work earned him numerous awards and accolades, including the Padma Bhushan (1959), the Sahitya Akademi Award (1959), and the Jnanpith Award (1972). Dinkar passed away on 24 April 1974, leaving behind a rich legacy of poetry, essays, and other literary works.
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