23 January – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (1897-1945)
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa. He was a revolutionary who founded the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) in 1943 to overthrow the British Empire. In fact, he was called Netaji for his prominent role in India’s fight for independence. This legendary warrior who was known for his militant approach was also a scholar, statesman, and soldier par excellence. The famous slogan, ‘Tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe aazaadi doonga’, was coined by him. To honour and remember this legendary warrior and his unmatched bravery, spirit, and selfless service, the Government of India has announced that henceforth every year 23 January, the birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose, would be celebrated as 'Parakram Diwas’ (day of courage). He passed away on 18 August 1945.
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